Sunday, August 23, 2020
Friday, August 21, 2020
Correlation and constrast of the wrongdoing control model and the fair treatment model - Research Paper Example in their convictions about criminal equity, the defenders of the two sides must cooperate inside the built up criminal equity framework, adhering to laws and the lawful procedure and methodology of the United States. The two models of criminal equity fill no legitimate need other than to give names and definitions to the most widely recognized viewpoints towards criminal equity. The models fill in as an approach to discuss criminal equity and can fill in as a guide to decide how an individual may move toward a criminal equity issue dependent on which hypothesis they buy in to. The two models can likewise contrast with political perspectives as far as being viewed as either moderate or liberal. The wrongdoing control model is viewed as preservationist in nature while the fair treatment model is increasingly liberal (Perron). Those accepting that hoodlums ought to be treated thusly and that there should be forceful measure taken towards wrongdoing, are regularly advocates of the wrongdoing control model, while the individuals who feel individuals ought not be ambushed, that there are forms set up that ought to be adhered to and that law requirement offices are not the most important thing in the world of the criminal equity framework are normally devotees of the fair treatment model. As per U.S. Lawful Definitions, the wrongdoing control model, Ã¢â¬Å"refers to a hypothesis of criminal equity which places accentuation on diminishing the wrongdoing in the public arena through expanded police and prosecutorial powersÃ¢â¬ . This model depends on the thought that police, investigators and criminological laborers are at the front line of the criminal equity framework and that their discoveries are quite often substantial and solid. Asserted wrongdoers are viewed as liable in light of the fact that those working in the criminal equity framework have just led the examination important to capture the right individual (http://www.sociologyindex.com/crime_control_model.htm). The wrongdoing control hypothesis centers around keeping the open safe. Ensuring the privileges of people is less significant than keeping
Saturday, July 11, 2020
Writing Your Final Essay Topic ResearchIf you want to pass your final composition exam and advance your career, it is important that you write your essay topic research in an organized and structured way. Here are some tips for organizing your topic research.Organize your data first by separating the keywords into four categories: informal, structured, formal and informal, and then organize the structured section by aligning it to the timeline of your article or essay topic. For example, in a structured section, you could organize your structured section with two key points; this could be numbered 1 and 2, separated by a colon. Separate these two sections into their own categories.Then, take the keywords from each category and match them up by keyword density. You should be able to find the same keyword as many times as you can, within one particular section. Match up at least three keywords, and then combine those keywords to form a word or phrase. You should be able to make the sam e keyword three times, five times, or more, within the sentence.Now you will need to create broad, generalized, and specific words from these categories. These broad, generalized, and specific words should be used to connect your research topic keywords.Take those general keywords that are connected to your particular section, and use them within your particular section. Or, if you are looking for a specific keyword within a broader keyword, use it as a general keyword to bring in the keywords and leave out the general keywords.Then, as you connect the sub-categories, keep your main points within each section, but in different sub-sections, in order to allow enough room to follow-up on the main points. Do not allow the paragraph breaking point to continue to become too long because it may interfere with your main points.Then, bring the main points together and follow up the main points with in-line notes. This way, your essay will have more impact because the reader will follow it t hrough with ease.The more structure you put into your composition final exam essays, the more likely it is that you will pass your written composition exam. Find out how you can better organize your essay topics by clicking on the links below.
Wednesday, May 20, 2020
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
The Problem of Evil A) For what reasons may suffering create philosophical problems for a religious believer? (10) B) Outline two solutions to these problems and comment on their success (10) A) The problem of suffering has been around since the dawn of time, or as religious philosophers believe; since Adam and Eve first sinned in the Garden of Eden. The first problem that arises from evil is that we believe that the God of classical theism has certain attributes. These are that: Ã · God is all powerful (Omnipotence) Ã · God is all loving (Omnibenevolence) Ã · God is all knowing (Omniscience) Ã · God creates ex-nilho (out of nothing) Ã · God is infinite The last point isÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Moral evil includes things that happen like murder and the holocaust that occurred whilst the NaziÃ¢â¬â¢s were in charge of Germany. The types of natural evil that occur include things such as Floods, Earthquakes and the Tsunami that occurred recently. These problems of moral and natural evil, they contradict the God of classical theism again because if God was all of the things it is said that he is then surely he would not create people such as Adolf Hitler who was responsible for so many deaths. God would also not allow such things to happen in the world like natural evil, once again this questions the attribute of God that says that God is all powerful, the question that arises from this is that; Does God posses the power to actually stop natural evil from happening? There have been philosophers such as Hume, who came up with the inconsistent triad. It still has two attributes of the God of classical theism, however it has remo ved the attribute that says that God is all knowing and replaced it with evil exists. The explanation that Hume gave for this is that you can not have all three attributes together, he said that God must not know how to stop evil and suffering or because if he did then he would have stopped it already. It could be said that the level of suffering that somebody endures could make a difference for the problem ofShow MoreRelatedEvil : The Problem Of Evil720 Words Ã |Ã 3 Pagesin a world where evil exists, it is logically impossible and that is what created the problem of evil. Problem of Evil: There are two sides of the problem of evil which are the logical and evidential arguments. The logical side states that as long as evil and suffering exists in this world there is no God. That does not only contradict with the idea of God being Ã¢â¬Å"all-goodÃ¢â¬ , but also him being Ã¢â¬Å"all-knowingÃ¢â¬ and Ã¢â¬Å"all-powerfulÃ¢â¬ as well. Because, if God only desires good, then how evil was formed unlessRead MoreThe Problem of Evil1648 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesThe problem of evil is the notion that, how can an all-good, all-powerful, all-loving God exists when evil seems to exist also. The problem of evil also gives way to the notion that if hell exists then God must be evil for sending anyone there. I believe both of these ideas that God can exist while there is evil and God is not evil for sending anyone to hell. I believe hell exists in light of the idea that God is holy and just. The larger is how anyone can go to heaven. I will try to answer the problemRead MoreProble m With The Problem Of Evil2026 Words Ã |Ã 9 PagesThe Problem with the Problem of Evil I am arguing that the Logical Problem of Evil (LPE) is not a successful argument to reject the existence of God. This is due to the LPE arguing with an inaccurate definition for the word Ã¢â¬Å"goodÃ¢â¬ . With the correct definition of Ã¢â¬Å"good,Ã¢â¬ I will show that an all-good and all-powerful God can logically exist simultaneously with evil. A response for my objection could be the Furthermore, if we allow the inadequate use of the word Ã¢â¬Å"evilÃ¢â¬ , the LPE still does not constituteRead MoreProblem of Evil1614 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesThe Problem Of Evil There are many events throughout the world that occur, that we cannot explain. The evils that exist are moral and non-moral evils. The moral evils that exist are poverty, oppression, persecution, war and injustice. The non-moral evils that occur frequently but not usually on a daily basis are earthquakes, hurricanes, storms, flood, drought, and blight (philosophy. Lander.edu/intro/hick.stml). These evils happen with thousands of people dying daily for no reason. The problemRead MoreThe Problem Of Evil And Moral Evil1093 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesare made to explain the problem of evil and why it exists in our world when God is all-knowing, all-powerful, and all-good. The subject of evil and why it exists is a difficult topic to find an exact answer to, especially when evil is presented in the form of nature. Natural evil and moral evil are two different types of evil that take form and cause suffering to humans. Natural evil is Ã¢â¬Å"events and maladies in nature that bring suffering upon mankind and nature.Ã¢â¬ Natural evil can be difficult to explainRead MoreProblem of Evil819 Words Ã |Ã 3 Pagesnot bring happiness. Dojeon shows that there is inequality between heaven and earth, even though a creatureÃ¢â¬â¢s next life is based upon its good or evil intentions in its previous life. In Buddhist belief, the Ã¢â¬Å"causesÃ¢â¬ are the good and evil actions that a creature commits in its life, whereas the Ã¢â¬Å"fruitsÃ¢â¬ are the rewards and consequences of the good and evil actions that transpire later in its lifetime. Dojeon does not believe that this description is sufficient for people to believe. According to Neo-ConfucianRead More The Problem Of Evil Essay925 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pages The Problem of Evil Evil exists, a plain and simple fact. The argument for the problem of evil (and suffering) proves that fact. The argument for the problem of evil states that there is a all-good, all-powerful God. It states that God being all-good means that he only wants good to exist. But, look at all the bad and evil in the world. A total contradiction of a all-good God. God being all- powerful means that he can make whatever he wants. So, if God can make whatever he wants then why did heRead MoreThe Problem of Evil in Philosophy1684 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesÃ¯ » ¿The Problem of Evil in Philosophy What is the classic problem of evil in the Western philosophical/theological tradition (the trilemma)? TheÃ problem of evilÃ is the question of how to reconcile the existence of evil with that of a deity who is omnipotent, omniscient, and omnibenevolent. The trilemma was stated by the Greek philosopher Epicurus during antiquity and was restated during the modern period by David Hume. Epicurus poses a trilemma in order to refute the notion of an omnipotent andRead MoreThe Logical Problem Of Evil1535 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesThe logical problem of evil is often referred to as the inconsistent triad, this being that the following propositions; God is omnipotent, omnibenevolent and evil exists, are inconsistent. Also known as a reduction ad absurdum argument, whereby all three propositions cannot be true together. Theists, like Swinburne, come to the conclusion that the three propositions are compatible with one another, whereas atheists, like Mackie, believe that they are incompatible and therefore God does not existRead MoreThe Problem Of Evil And Atheism1187 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesowe to prove his thesis about the problems of evil and atheism, Rowe asks three fundamental questions. The first question, Ã¢â¬Å"is there an argument for atheism based on the problem of evil that could rationally justify atheism?Ã¢â¬ Supporting his question, Rowe by uses the idea of human and animal suffering.is it reasonable for omnipotent, omniscient being(s) to permits its creation to suffer by extinguish each other for their own personal benefits. If there is such a thing as an omnibenevolent, omnipotent
Question: Discuss about the Role of Management Accounting for Market Statistics. Answer: Introduction: Share is ownership of a part of the company. It is issued by the company to raise money for its operational or investment activities by going public. Share Market is a platform where shares of the companies are either issued or traded in. A share can purchased or sold in the share market if the company is listed on the exchange. There are two kinds of share markets- Primary and secondary markets. Primary market is where the company is registered to issue shares and raise money. Once the shares of the company are issued in the primary market, the shares can be purchased or sold in the secondary market. The investors have two ways to purchase shares of the company. The first is they can purchase share of the company through a float where the shares of the company are offered to the public for the first time. The second is investors can sell off their investment in the company to another investor through brokers in the secondary market. These trading take place at the market price prevalent in the share market. The brokers act as agents of the investors in the share market. The brokers help in transaction of shares in the market. The investors can reach out to them and ask them to sell or purchase shares. They charge brokerage fees for their service. The brokers can be classified as Advisory Brokers and Non advisory brokers. The non advisory brokers help the investors only with execution of transactions in the share market whereas the advisory brokers not only help the investors with execution but also provide advice to the investors on the purchase and sales of shares. (ASX, 2010) The following is the list of the companies which are top 20 shares by $ value traded Company $ Value Traded CWLTH BANK 232,879,436.26 BHP BLT 191,049,710.18 WESTPAC 173,718,494.86 ANZ BANK 163,334,556.30 NAT. BANK 119,883,628.52 TELSTRA 110,924,747.94 RIO TINTO 99,309,642.21 CSL 89,818,795.14 WESFARMER 82,674,846.20 AMCOR 81,989,307.19 WOOLWORTHS 78,377,077.55 FORTESCUE 68,781,130.38 NEWCREST 65,073,021.94 WESTFIELDC 60,214,770.87 WOODSIDE 59,691,249.50 BRAMB LTD 58,374,059.02 MACQ GROUP 57,965,748.35 SCENTRE 55,201,290.57 TRANSURBAN 53,021,914.42 STOCKLAND. 52,388,796.63 The number of listed entities in ASX in 2016 including wholesale and retail debt issuers is 2204. The number of listed entities in ASX in 2008 was 2223. Thus percentage increase in the listed entities = (2204-2223)/ 2223 = -0.85 %. (ASX, 2016) The role of management accounting is to provide the necessary information to the managers so that they can plan, set targets and evaluate these targets and the role of financial accounting is to disclose the results of the business and the financial conditions of the company till a specified date. The management accounting provides the Board of directors with reports that help the company in forecasting the future plans and decision making. They help the company with strategic and tactical decision making. They provide the estimation of labor costs, raw materials cost, manufacturing cost, etc. and helps in preparing the budget. The management accounting can also provide the deviation from the budgets and help the Board of Directors in understanding which areas require attention and how to improve performance of the company. (CMA, 2013) The financial accounting provides the Board of directors with four major financial statements: Balance sheet, Income statement, Cash flow statement and statement of shareholders equity. Thus, using these statements, they can determine the results of the actions they have taken in the past and help them decide what are the changes in the decisions they need to take to achieve the end goals of the company. The benefits of incorporation of a business are Protection of Personal Assets: The incorporation of a business helps in protection of personal assets of the owners. The business can own property, continue the business, incur debt and can be sued. Thus the creditors of the business can seek payment only from the business and not from the personal asset of the shareholders. Easier access to capital: The incorporation of a business helps in easier access to capital. The lenders and banks lend money to the incorporate business easily than the unincorporated business. Thus the business can grow and develop at a faster pace. Enhance the credibility of the business: The incorporation of a business helps in improving the credibility of the business. The suppliers, employees and customers have the perception that the incorporated companies are more stable than the unincorporated business and they believe the incorporated companies will last longer and are more trustworthy to work with and this helps the company in building long term relationship. Perpetual Existence: The incorporation of a business helps in having lasting legal structure which can continue indefinitely without being affected by what happens to shareholders and employees. (CalCPA) An ethical issue is a situation or a problem where the person or the organization has to choose between alternatives and evaluate which of them is correct (ethical) and which is incorrect (unethical). In this case, the manager of the entity is required to make recommendation to the CEO for accepting a tender. He is a significant shareholder in one of the companies which is tendering. Thus there is a conflict of interest for the manager and the decision taken by him can be biased as he needs to choose between his responsibility and personal benefit. The manager has three choices to choose from. If he chooses option A i.e. declare his interest and step outside of the decision making process of this tender then he has freed himself from being accused by other for favoring a particular company for personal gains. Also it is morally correct for the CEO to be aware of this fact and this should be the correct course of action for the manager. If he chooses option B i.e. declare his interest and remain a part of the decision making process of this tender and provide recommendation then there might be bias by the manager while providing the recommendations but having declared his interest it is the CEOs decision whether to consider the recommendation or reject it. If he chooses option C i.e. do not declare his interest and continue with the decision making process of this tender and provide recommendation then the manager will be accused of providing the recommendations with bias and for personal benefits. The management can also fire the manager on ethical grounds for not declaring his interest. The best course of action for the manager is to choose option A i.e. declare his interest and step outside of the decision making process of this tender. Being a major shareholder in one of the tendering companies, there is a conflict of interest for the manager and his decision can be affect by his personal interests. Thus in order to avoid any bias and helping the company to choose from all the competing companies on a fair basis it is advised that the manager is not a part of the decision making process. Also declaring the interest in advance also helps him in gaining trust of the management. Thus option A is the best course of action. References ASX. (2016). Market statistics. Retrieved on August 2,2016, from https://www.asx.com.au/about/market-statistics.htm ASX. (2010). What is a share? Australian Securities Exchange. Retrieved on August 2,2016, from https://www.asx.com.au/documents/resources/shares_course_01.pdf?shares_course_01_text CMA. (2013). Management Accounting: Roles and Challenges ahead. Retrieved on August 2,2016, from https://www.cmawebline.org/ontarget/management-accounting-roles-and-challenges-ahead/ CalCPA. (n.d.). Five Advantages to Incorporating Your Business. Retrieved on August 2,2016, from https://www.calcpa.org/public-resources/ask-a-cpa/small-business-entity-structure/entity-choice/five-advantages-to-incorporating-your-business. BBC. (2014). Introduction to Ethics. Retrieved on August 2,2016, from https://www.bbc.co.uk/ethics/introduction/
Thursday, April 23, 2020
The novel is set in a mental hospital during the 1960Ã¢â¬â¢s and it mainly focuses on the characters of Randle Patrick McMurphy, Nurse Ratched and Chief Bromden who is the narrator of the story. The plot of the story focuses on the antics of McMurphy who tries to thwart the efforts of the head of the ward, Nurse Ratched, when he is transferred to her ward.Advertising We will write a custom essay sample on Portrayal of the Characters in the Original Text specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More The novel reveals the fact that he was a master gambler before being admitted to the mental hospital. He conned his way into the mental institution so as to reduce his prison sentence. Nurse Ratched runs the ward in tyrannical way with three other day shift orderlies. Randle Patrick McMurphy who is the hero of the story is a rebellious convict sent to the mental hospital from a prison to serve out the rest of his sentence. He was sentenced to a pr ison farm after being charged with gambling and assault. On his arrival, he disrupts the normal routines of the ward and its patients as well as the staff that includes the tyrannical Nurse Ratched with his rowdiness. He mocks the wardÃ¢â¬â¢s policies set by Nurse Ratched and he jokes about her with the other mental patients in the ward. The other patients are however terrified of joking about Nurse Ratched. McMurphy decides to place a bet with the other patients that he can be able to break her in one week. He manages to do this by making fun of Nurse Ratched every time she is near by making snide comments or joking about her body weight. In an attempt to change the wardÃ¢â¬â¢s policies, McMurphy convinces the ward patients that they should vote to change the TV viewing times. The male patients adamant to follow McMurphyÃ¢â¬â¢s plan which makes him to force the vote on them. Nurse Ratchfed does not however accept their vote which leads McMurphy and the male patients to watch the television anyway regardless of the fact that nothing is showing. He also goes ahead with organizing for a deep sea fishing trip as part of his plan to break the NurseÃ¢â¬â¢s guard. McMurphy does all these things at first to win the bets he has made with the other patients but his attention is drawn to fighting for their rights because they cannot stand up for themselves. McMurphyÃ¢â¬â¢s other indiscretions involve bribing a night orderly so that he can break into the pharmacy to steal medication. He also smuggles into the ward two prostitutes and bottles of liquor. McMurphy persuades one of the prostitutes to seduce Billy Bibbit so that he can loose his virginity to her. Billy is a timid man who stutters a lot and happens to be very shy around women. McMurphy ends up throwing a party in the ward that turns out to be a messy affair.Advertising Looking for essay on american literature? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Th ey forget to clean the mess up before the morning crew arrives because they all fell asleep. The staff find the mess in the ward and notify Nurse Ratched who goes round the ward and finds Billy with the prostitutes partially clothed in his arms. Nurse Ratched admonishes Billy for his behavior which in turn leads to Billy standing up to himself for the first time. Nurse Ratched is however not fazed by his sudden confidence as she threatens to tell his mother of what he did with the prostitutes. The nurseÃ¢â¬â¢s reaction causes Billy to have a nervous breakdown. He is escorted to the doctorÃ¢â¬â¢s office where he commits suicide. The nurse blames McMurphy for BillyÃ¢â¬â¢s death but he does not take her accusations lying down. He violently attacks Ratched and tries to strangle her to death but the orderlies pull him off of her and drag him away to the disturbed ward to be lobotomized before he is returned to the ward. The nurse sustains serious injuries during the physical attack which makes her miss one week of work. During her time away, many of the patients in RatchedÃ¢â¬â¢s ward move to other wards in the hospital while others decide to check themselves out. When she returns, she is unable to speak making it difficult for her to keep the remaining patients in the ward to tow the line. McMurphy is returned to the ward after having a cruel lobotomy procedure performed on him that has left him motionless and still. After seeing what has happened to McMurphy, the remaining patients leave the ward and hospital because they do not want the same fate befalling them. Chief Bromden who is McMurphyÃ¢â¬â¢s close friend in the ward eventually kills him by smothering him with a pillow. The narrator of the story is Chief Bromden because McMurphyÃ¢â¬â¢s story is told through his eyes. Bromden was admitted to the hospital because he was diagnosed with paranoid schizophrenia, a condition that made him interpret his surroundings to be nothing more than literal meta phors. An example was when he tried to escape from the real world by sinking into a mental stupor. He is referred to as chief because he came from a reservation in Canada that was operated by his father. Bromden pretends to be deaf and dumb, an act which is believed by many of the staff and patients until McMurphy arrives.Advertising We will write a custom essay sample on Portrayal of the Characters in the Original Text specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More McMurphy and Bromden become good friends which leads the chief to confide in McMurphy that he can actually hear what people are saying and speak. So as to make the male patients loose their current inhibitions, McMurphy organizes a fishing trip for Chief and the other patients in the ward so that they can do things that they normally were not allowed to do by Nurse Ratched and the other orderlies. At some point during his many run-ins with the head nurse, McMurphy lands himself and Chief Bromden into a shock therapy session after getting into a fight with the black orderlies. Bromden decides to end McMurphyÃ¢â¬â¢s life because the lobotomy makes him to be still and lifeless. He kills McMurphy by smothering him with a pillow after which he breaks a window with a shower control panel, escaping back to the reservation in Canada. Portrayal of the Characters in the FilmÃ¢â¬ One flew over the CuckooÃ¢â¬â¢s NestÃ¢â¬â¢ The film was a 1975 adaptation of the novel written in 1962 by Ken Kessey. The movie follows the same script in the novel with the same characters and names being used in the movie. The main character Randle Patrick Murphy is portrayed by Jack Nicholson in the movie while Chief Bromden is acted by Will Sampson. The character of Nurse Ratched is portrayed by Louise Fletcher. The movie focuses on Randle McMurphy who is sentenced to a prison farm for statutory rape. He is however transferred to a mental hospital because of a ploy he devised to ev ade hard labor in the prison farm. He uses the excuse that he is anti authoritarian and non conformist who has a history of violence but does not show any symptoms of mental illness. In the movie, Nurse Ratched is depicted as a calm but unyielding tyrannical woman who suppresses the wards patients from speaking and breaking down up by punishing errant patients with humiliation, dangerous shock therapies, lobotomy and mind numbing daily routines. When McMurphy arrives in the mental hospital, he finds that the patients most of whom are middle aged male patients are being kept under an institutionalized environment that shifts their focus on becoming functional and normal members of the society. The patients that McMurphy befriends in the hospital are Billy Bibbit, a timid and shy person who suffers sever stuttering whose character is acted by Brad Dourif, Charlie Cheswick who has a disposition to sudden fits of temper and whose role was played by Sydney Lassick in the movie.Advertisin g Looking for essay on american literature? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Other patients in the film are Martini played by Danny Devito, Dale Harding played by William Redfield and Chief Bromden Played by Will Sampson. Many of the patients and staff at the hospital belief Chief Bromden is both deaf and dumb. They mostly ignore him because of this but they respect him because of his 6 feet inch height and size. At first McMurphyÃ¢â¬â¢s efforts towards Nurse Ratched are geared towards amusement for himself and the other patients in the ward but they soon become geared towards making her loosen control over the ward. McMurphy is seen in the movie gambling and playing cards with the other patients but is soon discovered by Nurse who confiscates the cigarettes. She also ensures that their leisure time is rationed and the amount of time for TV viewing is limited. McMurphy reacts by calling for a vote that will see the policies being used in the ward facing some change. He does this so that he and the other patients can be allowed to watch the World Series bas eball game. He unsuccessfully places a bet with the patients that he can break out of the hospital by trying to lift a heavy hydrotherapy console that is still attached to the floor to break a nearby window. McMurphy organizes a deep sea fishing trip so as to improve the patientÃ¢â¬â¢s moral and self esteem which is low because of RatchedÃ¢â¬â¢s tyrannical control over them. They jump over the institutionÃ¢â¬â¢s fence and steal a school bus. This scene is seen to be the only part that has been filmed outside of the hospital during the whole course of the movie. After the trip, McMurphy realizes that Ratched has the authority to keep him locked up in the ward for an indefinite period of time against his will after she discovers he escaped from the asylum with other patients in the ward. Nurse Ratched does not punish McMurphy and the other escapees for their deep sea fishing trip. She however increases her control over the ward to try and suppress the slowly liberated male patie nts. McMurphy blames the other patients for failing to inform him of RatchedÃ¢â¬â¢s firm control in the institution and what she is capable of doing to any of the patients should they go against her orders. He also learns that the patients other than himself, Chief Bromden and Taber played by Christopher Lloyd have voluntarily committed themselves into the mental asylum. McMurhpy, Cheswick and Chief are detained for electroconvulsive therapy after they engage in a fight with the institutions orderlies. McMurphy and Chief have to wait for their turn as Cheswick undergoes the medical procedure. While they are waiting, he offers Chief a piece of gum to which he tells him thanks. This leaves McMurhpy in shock because he thought that the tall man was deaf and could not talk. They later engage in a conversation where McMurphy discovers that Chief shares his distaste for the hospital and Nurse Ratched but he opts to keep quiet to avoid any confrontations with the nurse or the orderlies. The two become good friends and Chief becomes McMurphyÃ¢â¬â¢s close confidant in the mental asylum. After the electroshock therapy session, McMurphy walks stiffly back to the ward assuring his friends that the therapy did not affect him in any way. He continues with his plans to throw Nurse Ratched from the ward by inviting Candy and her friend Rose to the hospital. He sneaks them in through a window after bribing the night watchman, Mr. Turkle, to look the other way. A party is soon underway in the ward with Billy, who is known to be shy and awkward around women, flirting with Candy. Billy eventually ends up in a private room with Candy after being convinced by McMurphy. McMurphy, Chief and the other patients in the ward all pass out after a night of heavy drinking. They forget to clean up the ward and the mess is discovered in the morning by nurse Ratched. She finds Billy with Candy and confronts him about his behavior to which he confidently says that he is not. The nurse threa tens to tell BillyÃ¢â¬â¢s mother to which he panics and has a nervous breakdown. He later kills himself in the doctorÃ¢â¬â¢s office by cutting his throat with a knife. McMurphy reacts to his death by trying to choke Ratched to death until an orderly knocks him down. He is escorted away only to be returned later in the night under a state of unconsciousness. Chief Bromden on closer examination of his friend notes that he has been lobotomized. Because he cannot accept his friend living in that vegetative state, Chief smothers him with a pillow thereby ending his life. He then uses the hydrotherapy console that McMurphy tried to use before to escape from the hospital. He breaks through the grated window and climbs down. The movie ends with a shot of him running away into the distance. This essay on Portrayal of the Characters in the Original Text was written and submitted by user Nayeli C. to help you with your own studies. You are free to use it for research and reference purposes in order to write your own paper; however, you must cite it accordingly. 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